Black cohosh (also known as Actea racemosa, Cimicifuga racemosa, black bugbane, black snakeroot, and fairy candle) is a flowering plant of the Ranunculaceae family native to North America that has been used by eastern Native American tribes. Parts of the plant used for medicinal purposes include the root and rhizome. It has a long history of traditional use in gynecological issues including menopausal symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, dysmenorrhea, dysfunctional labor, and osteoporosis. It has also been used in combination with other herbs as a mild sedative. Native Americans used it to treat hives, constipation, colds, coughs, fatigue, sore throat, and snake bites. It was and continues to be one of the most popular herbs sold in the Western hemisphere. A robust number of clinical trials have demonstrated efficacy of black cohosh in significantly relieving menopausal symptoms, specifically hot flushes. Standardized extracts containing triterpene glycosides have proven to be most effective to this effect. Additional research, albeit limited in number, shows promising use of black cohosh for other applications including stimulating osteoblast activity and thus bone remodeling in postmenopausal women, improving pregnancy rates in those undergoing clomiphene induction with recurrent induction failures, as well as reducing hot flushes in breast cancer patients undergoing tamoxifen treatment. Controversy continues as to whether black cohosh has estrogenic properties; however, a systematic review of black cohosh use in women with or at risk of breast cancer reveals that there is no association between its use and increased risk of breast cancer.
Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa) roots
standardized extract, 2.5% triterpene glycosides. . . . . . . . . . 40 mg
Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa) roots. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 mg
Consult a health-care practitioner if symptoms persist or worsen. Consult a health-care practitioner prior to use if you are breast-feeding or if you have a liver disorder or develop symptoms of liver trouble. Contraindications: Do not use if you are pregnant
Adults: Take 13 capsules daily or as directed by your health-care practitioner.
60 vegetarian capsules